In the early years of the Milad there was a kingdom established by the indigenous people. The city of Kong, founded by the Senufos and Milad in the second century, was a great commercial center of the time. Traders selling salt and animals in the northern part of the country bought ivory and cola nuts from here. The first Europeans are Portuguese. The Portuguese, who prefer to build commercial tops rather than colonialism, named the Ivory Coast because of the intensity of the Ivory trade. Following the Portuguese, the Spaniards, the Dutch, the British and the most recent French came. The French, who came in 1887-1889, settled on the interior of the country and increased their influence by making various treaties with the chiefs. Then in 1893 the French declared the Ivory Coast to be among the colonies. France, which exploited the country for nearly a century, was worried that the nationalism and independence movements, which started in almost all colonies after the Second World War, began in the people of Ivory Coast. The struggle of the people of the country resulted in France, despite all its efforts, in its internal affairs in 1958 and in 1960 it became fully independent.
Côte d’Ivoire has a uniform appearance as a physical structure. This uniformity is manifested in the form of a plateau that descends from north to south. In the country with an average height of 350 m, this image is disturbed around the western border. On the western border there are mountains with a height of around 1000 m. Nimba Mountain is the highest point in the country with 1845 m. The streams are abundant enough for the needs of the country. The streams flow in the north-south direction and flow into the Gulf of Guinea. The four most important rivers, which usually have a length of about 800 km, are Cavally, Sasandra, Bandama and Comoe. The rivers, which have a rapid flow rate, create cascades in many places. Therefore they are not available for transportation. However, in some regions, logging is greatly exploited. Although not of course the lake has a significant degree of dams is sufficient.
Climate and Vegetation
The uniformity in the physical structure also manifests itself in the climate. The country is in a tropical climate zone. There is little difference between regions. The hot and humid climate in the south has two different seasons, one rainy and one arid. The average annual temperature varies between 22-23 ° C in this region and the average rainfall is 2300 mm per year. In the north, the relatively savant climate is more evident. There are two different seasons in this region. These; one is dry and the other is moist. In these regions, the temperature difference is higher than in the southern regions and the average of precipitation is 1500 mm.
As a result of the vegetation climate, lush forests are in the savanna of the northern part. Abundant lumber production is done and covered with large-bodied trees. The main natural resources of the country are timber trees. Trees and forests of this type leave their place in the north to the savanna covered with large leaves and large tall grasses. There are a wide variety of wild animals and bird species living in the forests of Ivory Coast. These are leopard, chimpanzee, hippopotamus, crocodile, poisonous upstream snakes as well as dangerous, even though non-toxic python snakes 10 m in length are the main species of wild animal species. The elephants, who gave their name to the country, used to live in the herds in the past. However, ivory trade has caused these herds to disappear. It is possible to find elephants in the National Parks in the numerous natural areas. The underground riches are not much. Diamond, manganese, gold, colombium, bauxite, iron ore and oil are some of the underground resources in the country.
Population and Social Life
The population of the country, which is around 12.500.000, consists of many different ethnic groups. Nearly 60 of the population of the ethnic group consists of black and black people. The most important ethnic groups are the Baoule, Kina-Kouas, Krouen, Manda and Volta tribes. The largest of the ethnic groups is the tribe of Baoule. The country has the most impact on its culture and economy. Population growth rate is 2.5%. Population density is low and does not show abnormal differences according to regions. Southern regions differ slightly from other regions, which is in the form of redundancy. 42% of the people live in cities and the rest in villages. The villages are usually settlements of 200-300 people, consisting of 30-40 houses. Although the official language is French in the country, this language is only used in public offices and schools. People usually use their own language with a dialect of their own tribes. After gaining their independence, importance was given to education and training in the country, and the number of schools in all grades was increased.