Norway

Historical

According to the first written documents on the history of Norway, there were many small kingdoms established by the German tribes on the territory of the country until the 9th century. In 872, King Harold the Fairhaired united these kingdoms under a single Kingdom of Norway. At that time, the country was known as Nortuagua or Nordveg. Until 1000, Vikings, known as the first natives of Norway, attacked many places in Europe with the ships they built. They caused people to live in fear. They were carrying blood, brutality, death and fear. However, the internal conflicts that occurred due to economic problems soon left Norway uneasy. Then, in the beginning of the 14th century, the plague they called ına Black Death 14. brought death and horror to the people of Norway. Almost half of the population died of this disease. When Christianity entered the country, the perfect agriculture, trade and maritime were paralyzed. The naval supremacy of the Norwegians was replaced by deep and bitter poverty.

In 1397, Sweden, Denmark and Norway formed the Kalmar unit under the administration of the Danish King. In 1523 Sweden left the union. Norway, which lived under Denmark until 1814, issued a declaration of independence on 17 May 1814 in Eidsvoll. He opened a new parliament, prepared the first constitution. In 1905, when the Danish Prince Charles was proclaimed King of Norway, the country became a fully independent kingdom.

Norway declared its neutrality during the First World War. Despite this, 2000 Norwegian sailors were killed during the war. Norway was again neutral when the Second World War broke out. But the Germans attacked the Scandinavian peninsula on April 9, 1940. Norway remained under German occupation until 1945. The German Nazi government detained over 35,000 Norwegians and expelled more than 1,500 Jews. On top of that, Norway took part in the allies side. The occupation of the country ended on the 8th of May when the Germans had to retreat. The exiled King Haakon returned to his country and re-established the Norwegian unity.

The disasters brought by Harbin were severely damaged by Norway. With the allied forces defeating the German armies, Norway, which was free from the German occupation, was able to save its economy from the impasse by the foreign aid of the allied forces. The US $ 350 million Marshall Plan aid provided relief for Norway. He joined NATO on April 4, 1949, for his involvement in a strategic position between the West and the East and for the Russians to occupy Czechoslovakia.

The Labor Party, which had been in power since 1930, fell in 1965 when anti-socialist parties went into coalition. Instead, the coalition government headed by the Central Party Per Borten came. In 1971, this government fell as a result of issues that emerged for the membership of the Common Market. As a result of the referendum held in 1972, the Common Market membership was rejected with a 53% no.

The anti-socialist power in the 1981 elections was again the government with an overwhelming advantage. The new government took over the country’s leadership under the leadership of the Conservative Party. In 1985, the Labor Party won the elections and Brundtland became prime minister. After the Labor Party lost votes in 1989 elections, Brundtland withdrew from the prime minister’s office in September 1989. A minority government was headed by the Presidency of the Conservative Party, headed by Father Paul Syse. In 1990, the government resigned when the Conservative Party disagreed over the future of Norway’s relations with European communities. Instead of re-established the Labor Party minority government. Upon the death of V. Olav, the very loving king of the country, on January 17, 1991, his son, V Harold, succeeded him. The government signed an agreement to join the European Economic Area in 1992. Following the decision approved by the parliament, the government applied for membership in the EC.

Physical Structure

Norway is a country located in the northernmost part of Western Europe and contains roughly north and west of the Scandinavian Peninsula. It lies between the east latitudes of 57 ° 58 yer and 77 ° 11 ’North latitudes 4 ° 39 4 and 31 ° 10’. The Arctic Circle passes through the narrowest part of the country and approximately one-third of its territory is enclosed.

In the east there are Finland, Sweden and Russia. The north is covered by the Arctic Ocean and the Barents Sea, the Atlantic Ocean to the west (the Norwegian Sea) and the south by Skagerrak and the North Sea. The area is 323,878 km2. Along the coast there are over 150,000 islands and sea cliffs. The surface area of ​​Norway reaches 387,014 km2 with its colonies. It is the fifth largest country in Europe, with the exception of the Russian Federation. Svalbord, about 650 km far from the north, Jan Mayen Island 1000 km to the west, Bouvet and Peter I Islands near Antarctica, and the largest glacier in Europe, the 890 km.

Norway has a length of approximately 1800 km between the North Sea and the North Sea from north to south.

İlk yorum yapan olun

Bir yanıt bırakın

E-posta hesabınız yayımlanmayacak.


*