In the early 17th century, Taiwan had been largely Chinese migration. In the 1620s, the island remained under the control of the Dutch (Dutch). From 1895 to 1945, it was under the Japanese administration for a period of 50 years. First, the State of Taiwan showed itself under Japanese pressure on 1 January 1912. The administration of the Manchu dynasty was terminated and a republic was declared. This is also the beginning of the Chinese State, in general terms. The initial movement of this state is the 1911 Wuchang Uprising.

When communism was established as a regime in China in 1949, those who opposed communism under the leadership of Çankayşek converged and established a state as the Nationalist China. Taiwan, formerly a member of the UN, abandoned its membership after the accession of Red China to the UN in 1972. After that, the tension between the two countries continued. In 1978, the United States hardened its relations with the Republic of Taiwan. In 1979, the defense agreement between the two countries was canceled, but in the 1980s, indirect commercial relations were established. For the first time during the Chion-Cho-Chou-Kuo’s administration, the establishment of opposition parties was allowed. Since 1949, the martial law was abolished in 1987. In 1988, upon the death of Chion-Ching-Kuo, Lee Tenghui replaced him. In 1989, for the first time, multi-party elections were held.

Physical Structure

The area of ​​Taiwan is approximately 36.182 km2. This area also includes small islands around it. It lies about 130 km east of China and is separated from the main continent by the Taiwan River. The length from north to south is about 393 km and from west to east is 165 km. There are approximately 77 islets around.

Taiwan lands upright towards the east and rises westward. The Chungyang Shanmo mountain range in the central region forms part of the country and contains four large mountain chains extending north and south along the island. Most of the summits in the region exceed 3500 m. The highest point is Mount Morrison, 3997 m. Taitung Mountains are located in the eastern coastal areas. The Tatun group in the north consists of volcanic mountains.

Around the central mountain range is a narrow skirt zone with a height ranging from 100 to 500 m. From here, the land continues to open up to the highlands. Coastal areas and river basins are fairly flat. Low plateaus in the western coastal region; the floods and the tides of the tidal event.

Taiwan, consisting mainly of a group of three islets of 1255 km2, with a major candidate of 35,966 km2. The Pescador Islands, the capital city of Makung, are 127 km2, the Spartlay Islands are 0.7 km2 and the Pratos Islands are 1.5 km2. In addition, the Nationalist Chinese Unions occupied the islands of Jinmen, Matsu and Tungyin in front of the Continental China.


The island of Taiwan is divided into two regions by the Cancer cycle. Therefore, the country’s climate is under the influence of the geographic influences of its location. He also translated the ocean around the island, known as the Hot Sapon or the Black Run. The island is heavily rainy due to the northeastern winter monsoons. When this region enters a relatively dry air, southwest monsoons bring rain into southern Taiwan. The annual rainfall is about 1000 to 1500 mm. This figure reaches up to 5000 mm in mountainous regions. The average temperature varies between 25 ° -33 ° C in summer and 10 ° C to 15 ° C in winter.

Natural Resources

Taiwan has a rich variety of vegetation ranging from tropical plants to high mountain plants. About 60% of the country has forests covered. In lowlands, mostly bamboo and acacia trees are found. There are slightly higher tropical and medium-hard algae trees at higher altitudes. Grows even higher in 200 species of tree species. Most of them are cypress, oak, fir, pine and spruce trees. In addition, a few mangroves, fern, banyan (indian), ance (American honeysuckle), lily and rodedendron species are quite numerous.

In Taiwan, the species of animals usually grow in deer, goat, wild boar, monkey species, buffalo and yellow ox. There are 37 species of snakes, 12 of which are toxic. The coast is a rich source of fish.

More than 70 minerals are obtained in the country. The most important of these is coal. Also marble and limestone are quite abundant.

Population and Social Life

Taiwan’s population is approximately 20,727,000. Population growth is around 2%. The population density of the country is 553. Nearly 98% of the people who make up the population are mainly descended from the Han Chinese. There are also some people of Indonesian origin. Most of the Chinese population is composed of people fleeing the persecution of Red China. There are also some Malaysian and Polynesians.

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