The Principality of Monaco

The Principality of Monaco, or Monaco (French: Principauté de Monaco or Monaco; Monegasque: Munegu or Principatu de Munegu), is a city state located on the Mediterranean coast in Europe. Monaco, the second smallest independent state in the world after the Vatican, is at the top of the population density ranking in the world. Surrounded by land borders France, the country consists of the old city of Monaco and later built areas. The country is famous for its casinos in Monte Carlo district. Although the area is so small, there is a stadium in the country with the Formula-1 track. There is no airport. However, other types of transport (land and seaway) have been developed as there is no air transport. A small part of the French railroad passes through the country. There is a small marina between the Fontveille district and Monaco Ville, and a large marina between Monte Carlo and Monaco Ville. The length of Monaco is 3350m. Its width is 1000m at its widest and 245m at the narrowest. Most of the Fontveille district was subsequently built by filling concrete into the sea. At the moment there is a similar project, but it has not been implemented. (It will be completed in 2014 if it is done.)

Note: Monaco is the only country that has no concrete boundary (wall, wire mesh, etc.) and customs.
The main settlements of Monaco are the populations with:
Monaco (Monaco Ville), Monte Carlo, La Condamine, Fontveille are the important cities.

Geographical Data

Location: in western Europe, on the Mediterranean coast, in the south of France, on the Italian border.

Geographical Location: 43 44 North Latitude, 7 24 East Longitude
Location on map: Europe
Area: 1.95 km²
Limits: total: 4.4 km
Border neighbors: France 4.4 km
Coast line: 4.1 km
Climate: Mediterranean climate
Land structure: hilly, rugged, rocky
Height above sea level: lowest point: Mediterranean 0 m
highest point: Agel Hill 140 m
Natural resources: none
Geographical note: The second smallest independent state in the world (after Holy See)

Population Information

Population: 32,543 (July 2006 data)
Population growth rate: 0.4% (2006 data)
Refugee rate: 7.68 refugees / 1,000 inhabitants (2006 estimates)
Infant mortality rate: 5.35 deaths / 1,000 born infants (2006 estimate)
Life expectancy: Total population: 79.69 years
in men: 75.85 years
In women: 83.74 years (2006 data)
Average number of children: 1.76 children / 1 woman (2006 estimate)
Nation: Monakolu
Ethnic distribution of population: French 47%, Monakolu 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%
Religion: Roman Catholics 90%
Languages: French (official), English, Italian, Monakoca


Country name: Official full name: Principality of Monaco
Short Shape: Monaco
Local Full Name: Principaute de Monaco
Local short shape: Monaco
Form of government: Constitutional Monarchy
Capital city: Monaco
Independence Day: 1419
National holiday: National Day, November 19
Constitution: December 17, 1962

International organizations and organizations to which it is a member: ACCT, ECE (United Nations European Economic Commission), IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization), ICRM (International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement), IFRCS (International Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies) Federation, IHO (International Hydrographic Organization), IMO (International Maritime Organization), Inmarsat (International Maritime Satellite Organization), Intelsat (International Telecommunications and Satellite Organization), Interpol (International Police Organization), IOC (International Olympic Committee), ITU International Telecommunication Union), OPCW (Organization for the Protection of Chemical Weapons), OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe), UN (UN), UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development), UNESCO (Education-Science and Culture Organization), UPU ( World Postal Association, WHO (World Health Organization), WIPO (World Intellectual Property) Organization, WMO (World Meteorological Organization), WToO (World Tourism Organization)

Economic Indicators

GDP: Purchasing Power parity – $ 870 million (2000 data)
Labor force: 41,110 (2004)
Unemployment rate: 3.1% (1998)
Industry: Tourism, construction, small-scale industry and consumer goods
Agricultural products: none
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Currency code: EUR
Fiscal year: Calendar year

Contact information

Telephone lines used: 33,700 (2002)
Telephone code: 377
Radio broadcasting stations: AM 1, FM NA, shortwave 8 (1998)
Radios: 34,000 (1997)
TV stations: 5 (1998)
Televisions: 25,000 (1997)
Internet abbreviation: .mc
Internet service providers: 2 (2000)

Transportation and Transportation

Railways: 1.7 km
Highways: 50 km (2001)
Waterways: none
Ports: Monaco

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